The xiphos sometimes has a midrib, and is diamond or lenticular in cross-section. The blade widened near the tip and had close to a leaf shape. A short short, the Xiphos was the close quarter weapon used by the Spartan Warriors and typically their second choice weapon, should they be forced to use it. Then they had to use Xiphos. Xiphos Sword Description . The Greek xiphos and the Roman gladius are typical examples of the Iron Age swords. The … During the battles, many Greek armies broke their spear. It was generally hung from a baldric under the left arm. Theshort sword orXiphos is a short, double-edged sword of Ancient Greece. The sword is evenly polished while the blade is impressively sharp. Xiphos sword with leaf blade design has a pretty unique and durable built. The sword was used as a secondary, close combat weapon and it was used when the primary weapon, the spear was discarded. The Xiphos had a double-edged blade that rarely measures longer than 20 inches, though the Spartans supposedly started using blades as short as 12 inches (30 cm) around the time of the Greco-Persian War. Interesting facts about Xiphosura are: Xiphos is derived from the Greek word meaning ‘˜sword’ while Uros means ‘˜tail’ thereby giving the name to the horseshoe crab, Xiphosura. Xiphos is a Bible study tool written for Linux, UNIX, and Windows using GTK, offering a rich and featureful environment for reading, study, and research using modules from The SWORD Project and elsewhere. He is married to Kopis and is Harpe's father. It is very useful when you have a close combat with the enemy. This is a great piece of weapon considering the need for compact arming sword. Antique swords, fig. Similar to its name, these creatures have overlapping gills used for respiration and a long spine or tail. This shorter xiphos would advantageous in the press that occurred in the front row when two phalanxes smashed together. 1-3: Xiphos, fig. Ancient Romans also made spatha which was longer (0.75 and 1 m) and gave infantry more reach when thrusting. The xiphos (Greek: (το) ξίφος) is a double-edged, single-hand sword used by the ancient Greeks. It was a short single hand sword. The Greek Xiphos was one of the earliest European swords - a bronze or later an iron leaf shaped blade hung from a baldric that was a secondary back up weapon, though this type of sword was prevalent not just in ancient Greece, but throughout the ancient European world. It is open-source software, and available free-of-charge to all. Xiphos was a short and thus, single-handed sword. Facts about Ancient Greek Weapons 2: Xiphos. The xiphos is a sword that was used by the ancient Greeks. 4: Makhaira. It was the Close-Range weapon of the Spartan. The classic blade was between 20” and 25” in. 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