Quiz for Class 7 Geography Chapter – Inside Our Earth . The State took upon itself the responsibility of drafting Central plans for building an advanced economy in the shortest possible time. The basic principles, ideas and values had the Russian Revolution for rest of the world : (a) Economic equality (b) Social Equality (c) Socialism (d) Anti-capitalism. (Political Science, History, Social science, Sociology And all Humanities Materials available here, Solved Maps for class All Classes,downloads PPTs, Revision Notes for all classes,Sample Papers etc., For Class 9.10,11,12th), Sir PPT download Nahi ho rahi. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Summary. Firstly, the people should be con­vinced about the need for revolution and secondly that they should be ready to make sacrifices for the success of the revolution. Socialism differs from communism on the methods to achieve the socialist objectives. They paid no attention to improve the conditions of the workers. The Russian Revolution was an important and noteworthy part of history. He returned to Russia in April. The Czar was simply incapable of leading a modern war against Germany. Main Changes Brought About by the Bolsheviks: Social inequalities were to be abolished and right to work was given a consti­tutional status. The profits arising from labour were to be distributed for common good. It has been praised and condemned vigorously. The Russian revolutionaries had hoped that there would be revolutions all over the world. The Russian empire was under the autocratic rule of the Tsar. CHAPTER: 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution (2019) 1] Liberals were not democrats. Similar plans were put forth in many other countries. What is Socialism? The nobles and rich landlords exploited the peasants who lived in overcrowded village lands. The disintegration of USSR even before the twentieth century came to a close and dealt a severe blow to people’s faith in the Marxist ideology. Sir, I am Lakshay Kaushik. The ideal of the new government was that each citizen should contribute according to his capacity and in turn be entitled to remuneration that was in accordance to his needs. Copyright 10. Control of industries was transferred to shop committees of workers. Officers were selected not on the basis of their ability but on their privileged connections. Many persons died in the attack. This had become … Russia was an autocracy. Banks, insurance companies, water, transport and railways were nationalized. Communist parties were formed in many other countries outside USSR for achieving a similar objective. Czar Nicholas II gave up his throne. Let's find out more about the Russian Revolution. Many other parties comprising the non-Russian nationali­ties within the Russian empire were also working towards making their lands free from colonial exploitation. Political leaders involved in freedom struggle started thinking of political changes more in terms of social changes. In contrast, radicals wanted a nation in which government was based on the majority of a … First World War and Foundation of Soviet State: Russia had joined England against Germany in the First World War. Ans.1-The liberals did not believe in universal franchise. They were annoyed at the incompetence of Russian troops. Check NCERT Solutions for Class 9 Social Science (History - Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution) based on the latest CBSE 9th SST Syllabus 2020-21. SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION (MCQ) 0. His programme attracted the Soviets as he was for total transfer of power from the provisional government to the Soviets. Work hours were often long and wages were poor. Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. The strikers’ procession was attacked by the Czar’s soldiers. They set up funds to Disclaimer 9. The Congress of Soviets issued a proclamation on the next day. Monarchy was replaced. The cultures of the vanquished were shown little respect. Troops were ordered to crush the rioters. The right to property was respected but social insurance was introduced to ensure that no one starved. Leon Trotsky had played an important role in 1905 Revolution. Question 1. The people of Russia got convinced about the incompetence of the Russian govern­ment. Answer: (i) Lenin was socialist leader of Russia. The Bolsheviks were for a party that would work towards a revolution in Russia. As head of the Petrograd Soviet, he was one of the most important leaders of the November uprising. This had become necessary to ensure that the existing political systems were not overthrown the way it hap­pened in Russia. Soviet Union was hailed as the leader of the world communist movement. Download Complete PPT Here Download Complete PPT Here. The communist system in USSR collapsed in 1991 and Soviet Union disintegrated into a Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). That did not happen. Russians had lost around 600,000,000 soldiers. By the early years of the twentieth century, socialist ideas had taken roots in a number of European countries. 15th May 2020 14th June 2020. The Russian Revolution of 1917 has been one of the important events of world history. Last Updated on August 1, 2020 By Mrs Shilpi Nagpal 5 Comments. (iv) None of the above 2. Answer: The views of radicals are as follows: The group who wanted to bring about immediate social change in Russia was radicals. The people were convinced that the forces were bad­ly organized. 17th May 2020 14th June 2020. Progress of Russian Revolution; The First World War and the Russian Revolution; Events and Effects of February and October Revolution of Russia; Social changes that were taken place in Russia. The Russian revolution had proclaimed the build­ing of a socialist society as its objective. The Russian Revolution of 1917 has been one of the important events of world history. Question 1. Socialism in Europe & Russian Revolution Class IX by Manish -May 27, 2019. The best app for CBSE students now provides class 9 Social Science latest chapter wise notes for quick preparation of CBSE board exams and school based annual examinations. What were the social, economic and political conditions in Russia before 1905? We have Provided Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 History MCQs Questions with Answers to help students understand the concept very well. • Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete transformation. Mem­bers of the Duma who opposed the Czar went in exile. Corruption was widely rampant. Working Population Movements before 1917: Even before the revolution the people of Russia had rebelled against the monarchs. Communism as an ideology had appealed to the poor and the weak. Answer The Social, economic and political conditions in Russia … Tsar was not subject to parliament. Finland was recognized as an independent unit within the Russian federation. Workers in St. Petersburg went on strike to express their discontentment. (iv) equal status for non-Russian nationalities. … Thus the promise ‘land to the tillers’ was honoured. Paul Milyukoff acted as the Foreign Minister. Britain had constitutional monarchy that made the monarch just a titular Head of the State. Class 9 History Map Work Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution. The strikes were conducted by Council of their representatives (Soviets). Sun-Yat-Sen was assisted by the Soviet government in his efforts to Unify China. Whenever they demanded better wages they were suppressed with the help of secret police. The Russian Revolution influenced the spread of socialist ideas all over the world including the capitalist societies. It is condemned as it failed to hold together the Re- publics that had come together to form the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). Not all republics of the USSR were at the same level of development. Conservatives are another important group which played a pivotal role in the upsurge of socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution, Conservatives were initially against the change that was being favoured by liberals and radicals. They were assisted by troops of foreign powers. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS [3 MARKS]: Q.1. However, after the French Revolution, conservatives also became open to change through a slower process. Lt was called the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The peasants had very small and uneconomic hold­ings. It was the time when new cities developed and railways expanded to start the Industrial Revolution. It is accepted that national income has to be created before it can be distributed. Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution - Class 9 -CBSE 1. Through the revolution in Russia, socialism … The Bolsheviks who had secured a majority in the Petrograd Soviet captured govern­ment offices on the night of October 24, 1917. The Czar had made great efforts to ensure that only his men were elected. These affiliated themselves to the Comintern or the Communist International formed in USSR. We hope the given CBSE Class 9 History Chapter 2 Extra Questions Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Pdf free download will help you. Image Guidelines 5. His manifesto promised free­dom of speech, Press and conferred the power to make laws on an elected body-Duma. NAZIMA MAZHAR HUSSAIN . Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution 29 Activity 1.4 Support for Socialism By the 1870s, socialist ideas spread through Europe. Factories and railways had come to Russia during the rule of Czar Alexander III. K HOD : Dept of Social Science VELAMMAL BODHI CAMPUS POSTED – 22/5/19 Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution 2. The soldiers and the striking workers together formed a Soviet at the city of Petrograd. The Social Democrats and Socialist-Revolutionaries worked with peasants and Workers during the revolution of 1905 to demand a constitution. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. The officers of the Czar’s army organized and rebelled against the new Soviet State. TOS 7. (i) Tolerating all religions. A major point of contrast between the liberals and the radicals was that the liberals were not: Secular Do you know what gave rise to the Russian Revolution? The soldiers were as dissatisfied as the civilians. MCQ Questions for Class 9 History: Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete … Liberals in Russia campaigned to end this state of affairs. The capitalist societies were quick to realize that exploitative societies face violent revolutions. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer History Chapter 2 Higher Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) Questions. The constitutional experiment failed and made Russians more desperate. (ii) Opposing the uncontrolled power of dynastic rulers. Russian was made the compulsory language for all its people. Socialism in Europe and the Russia Revolution Class 9 Extra Questions Long Answer Type Questions. There was complete stoppage in trade and industry. The Czar had built a huge empire comprising diverse European nationalities. Foreign investments were confiscated. The workers joined the protestors and struck work. He has attended various Seminars conducted by CBSE. Later this party was merged with other socialist groups to form the Russian Social Democratic Labour party in 1898. The people of Russia hailed these measures taken by the new government. Intellectual Ferment and Growth of Bolshevik Party: The frustrated Russians were readily attracted by the Communism as preached by Karl Marx, Lenin and other Marxist revolutionaries. WhatsApp. The policies of the communist parties outside USSR were largely determined by the com­munist party of the Soviet Union. Marxists had been preaching the ideas of Communism among the peasants and the industrial workers. Categories: Class 9th History. Like other ideologies, communism too became dogmatic over the years. It collapsed on November 7, 1917. The community through the State was to assume absolute control over all matters related to workers and social relations including religion. The group was for participation in elections. Online Test of Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Test 1 History (Social Science S.St)| Class 9th 1. All estates of the landlords, the Church and the Czar were transferred to peasant societies to be allotted to peasant families and to be cultivated without hired labour. He was completely dependent on his wife who in turn was dominated by Rasputin, a friend of the Royals. Lenin had set two fundamental conditions for the success of a revolution. The October revolution transformed Russia into a Communist State. It is hailed as it humanized capi­talist systems all over the world. Posted by Manish Mr. Manish Kumar has been teaching Political Science to Class IX, X, XI and XII for last five years.He has completed his graduation from Moti Lal Nehru College, University of Delhi. What distinguishes liberals from democrats? The uncontrolled power of dynastic rules was opposed by liberals. As discussed in the first chapter of the French Revolution, opportunities for dramatic change have been created, including equality, fraternity and freedom in Europe. The Comintern was often used by the Soviet Union as an instrument for pursuing its own objectives. Within this party one group favoured a party on the model of similar parties in France and Germany. Workers in England and Germany began forming associations to fight for better living and working conditions. Privacy Policy 8. 21st May 2020 14th June 2020. Socialism Essay: Essay on Socialism and it’s Main Characteristics. The Red army was more in the nature of a Citizens Army and yet it won against better trained and better equipped forces. Feudal aristocracies had been replaced by a new middle class. They realized that only a structural change could save them from their hard life under the monarchy. February Revolution—Events and Effects: The first notable event in the course of Russian Revo­lution occurred on February 27, 1917 according to the Russian Calendar. Foreign debts were repudiated. CBSE class 9 Social Science Chapter 2 History-Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution notes in PDF are available for free download in myCBSEguide mobile app. The Russian Revolution prompted governments all over the world to introduce legislative reforms to improve the conditions of workers. The newly framed constitution recognized the equality of all nationalities in USSR. Appearing Students of Class 9 Exams can download MCQ on Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 with Answers from here. The system abolished the idea of production for personal profits. Things had not changed materially with the abolition of serfdom in 1861 by Czar Alexander II. . You might also like. Lenin had described the Russian empire as a ‘prison of nations’ and had declared that no genuine democracy could be established unless all the non-Russians were given equal rights. Social, Economic and Political Conditions in Russia before 1905: By the early twentieth century, life in most European countries had become liberal and progressive consequent to Industrial Revolution and Democracy. Content Guidelines 2. Differentiate between the ideas of the liberals and radicals in Europe (take the time period as after the French Revolution). What was Lenin’s contribution in the Russian Revolution? The republics that formed the Union were given the autonomy to develop their own languages and culture. He devoted himself to making the Bolshevik party a instrument of revolution in Russia. Kerensky was a revolutionary socialist while Prince Lvoff represented the liberal minded businessmen and land owners. The monarchs, however, did nothing to improve the conditions of the peasants. The event that actually took place on November 7 is referred to as the October Revolution. This group was, however, in minority and hence referred to as Mensheviks. The Czars still ruled as Emperors. Students can solve NCERT Class 9 Social Science History: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level on Success Roar Classes Website itself. It failed to respond to changing world conditions. • Not everyone in Europe, however, wanted a complete transformation. Russia in 1917 was ready for a revolution on both these counts. Things were, however, different in Russia. The workers were divided in different social groups, but often united to strike work in factories. By the mid-nineteenth century in Europe, socialism was a well-known body of ideas that attracted widespread attention. Describe the views of radicals. On the given outline map of the world, four features are marked. There was acute shortage of bread. Civil liberties were restored. The Czar had hoped to annex Constantinople and the Straits of the Dardanelles. Pinterest. Choose the correct option: Question 1. The Age of Social Change The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. Nobility and the upper layers of clergy were supportive of the absolutism being practiced by the Czar. Lenin (Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov) was the leader of the Bolsheviks. A demonstration was organized by working class women. A new govern­ment headed by Lenin was formed. The State has to play a positive role in enforcing social and economic rights. The peo­ple were taxed heav­ily on the plea that money was needed for the maintenance of the army and the navy. Czar Nicholas II agreed to give political rights to the people. The workers did not have any political rights. To coordinate their efforts, socialists formed an international body – namely, the Second International. He returned to Russia in May 1917. This was another demand put up by the people of Russia before the revolution. On the given outline map of world locate, the countries that were central powers in the First World War. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! There was acute shortage of food in Russia. It was not before 1920 that the Red Army was able to gain control over all that at one time had been the Czar’s empire. The Age of Social Change • The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. A large number of his students have scored brilliantly in this subject. George Plekhanov formed the Russian Social Democratic Party in 1883. Ans : liberals were one of the groups that wanted to change the society by moderate means. They wanted to reform it as a nation that would tolerate all religion. He is the Head of the Department in the School he is currently employed at reputed International School in Gurugram. Study Material and Notes of Ch 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9th History The Age of Social Change • The French Revolution opened up the possibility of creating a dramatic change in the way in which society was structured. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution! On March 15, 1917 the monarchy that had ruled for over three hundred years came to an end. Content Filtrations 6. But the troops instead of putting down the rioters joined the strikers. The Germans were able to badly defeat the Russians. A number of workers’ organizations had been set up after industrialization began in Russia. CH 2 : SOCIALISM IN EUROPE AND THE RUSSIAN REVOLUTION . Chapter 1 of NCERT Social Science History textbook – Indian and the Contemporary World-I is titled as ‘ Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution.’ Some of the important political traditions of the nineteenth century and how they influenced change in European society will be discussed. Lenin was in exile in Switzerland at the time of the February revolution. The provisional government freed the political pris­oners. Education was given high priority. However, in 1905 Russia suffered a defeat at the hands of a small nation like Japan. But a large part of capital for investment had come from foreign countries. It has been praised and condemned vigorously. Immediately after the Second World War (1945) was over, Britain came out with the Beveridge Plan for social security. By practicing Class 9 History Chapter 2 MCQ with Answers, you can score well in the exam. The three parties that had joined together to overthrow the Czar were led by Kerensky, Prince Lvoff and Paul Milyukoff. But before anything could be accomplished, the Duma was abolished. It is hailed as it humanized capi­talist systems all over the world. Hence the name February Revolution, the incident however relates to March 12, 1917. The Russian armies badly lost in Germany and Austria during 1914-1916. The word soviet got associated with political power so much so that it found a place in the nomenclature of post-revolution Russia, (Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – USSR). France had be­come a republic. The repressive policies were reintroduced by the successor Czar Alexander III. NCERT Solutions for Class 9th: Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution History Social Studies (S.St) Page No: 48 Questions 1. Conditions were ripe for the overthrow of the existing government. Who are Liberals, Radicals, and Conservatives? History Chapter 2 Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution – Notes & Study Material. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Liberalization has been going on in India too. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 MCQs Questions with Answers. After Marx and Angels, he is regarded as the greatest leader of the socialist movement in Russia. Major Countries of First World War. Get all latest content delivered straight to your inbox. It has helped China to become one of the leading industrial nations of the world. Not all, though, was in favour of this transition in culture. In so far putting in the best effort is concerned, private ownership and enterprise cannot be substituted by State control. But a violent revolution is not the pre-requisite for such a change over. On the day of the revolution, only two people were reported killed in Petrograd. In 1942, the Communist party in India did not join the Quit India Movement against British rule just because the Soviets were at that time allied with British. Answer: Question 2. As such they took measures to ensure that the workers got fair wages and other emoluments that enabled them to live with dignity in the society. Plagiarism Prevention 4. Class X Quiz on Resource and Development . 4540. Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Quiz for Class 10 Geography: Water Resources . Through the revolution in Russia, socialism became one of the most significant and powerful ideas to shape society in the twentieth century. Both ideas accept that political democracy can be meaningful only if it is accom­panied by economic as well as social democracy. Estonia was granted autonomy while complete independence was granted to Poland. (e) International fraternity of all the peasants, craftsmen and workers. His main area of interest is in School education. A number of capitalist societies offer to their workers better conditions of work that were at one time believed to be the exclusive domain of communist societies. Soviet Union emerged as a major power on the world scene within a few years after the revolution. Communist States like China have made several compromises in the communist ideology. (a) Nationalists (b) … More Practice >>> Quiz on Socialism in Europe and Russian Revolution – Class 9 . Socialist Revolutionary Party was another party of the workers that voiced the demands of the Russian peasants. The majority group known as the Bolsheviks believed that since no democratic rights existed for the people of Russia, the German and French models were not relevant. Prohibited Content 3. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution | CBSE Class 9 Chapter 2 History | SST NCERT Solutions | Umang 2020 Vedantu Class 9 and 10. Further strikes occurred in many other towns. Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Class 9 Important Questions Short Answer Type Questions. The concept of centralized planning was adopted by many other countries including India (1951). Russia withdrew from the War. Collaboration with foreign companies is no longer a taboo. He was a follower of Marx. After the revolution, individual rights and social power began to be discussed in many parts of the world including Europe and Asia. The Russian society at that time was primarily agricul­tural. The Public Sector has become a liability to the exchequer and efforts are on to involve private capital in new projects for industrialization. They did not have any capital to invest on their small holdings. (iii) Did not believe in universal adult franchise. These measures as such acquired great significance among the constitutional provisions made by the communist government. The political system as it existed during the rule of the Czars was totally out of tune with the rest of Europe. Those exiled to Siberia were allowed to return. Workmen in factories, docks and railways also went on strike. However, for the next three years, a civil war broke out in Russia. Mu­tinies broke out in navy and army. Some industries had developed in selected pockets. Explain. The day came to be known as Bloody Sunday. Foreign investors were interested only in quick profits. They wanted a government on the majority of country’s population. 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