A tart fruit, it is better for cooking and preserving than to eat out of hand. In California, plums are an important fresh fruit crop. The flesh is rather dry and very sweet. Most varieties of plums come in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh. Mottled maroon over green skin, dark red meaty flesh. Most plum varieties are self- incompatible (the flowers cannot receive pollen on its own to produce fruit) and require appropriate pollinators for rel… Both are great for jam and jelly recipies, and can be infused into a deliciously flavored cocktail. The Greengage is a juicy, dessert fruit. John encourages potential plum growers to do their homework and find out which varieties best suit their tastebuds and climates. Friars are a dessert plum, good eaten out of hand. Both are round, firm-fle… They are easy to grow. European plums tend to be small, and most varieties are egg-shaped. It has purple skin with juicy yellow-orange to amber flesh. The plum, a member of the rose … California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. The fruit is more pointed at the apex than that of the common European plum, and its varieties are yellow or light red but never purplish-blue. European plums are the blue plums, including prunes, with firm flesh, that mature late in the summer. Plum trees do quite well in most Southern California growing regions, with the exception of the immediate coastal and low desert areas. Shiro Plum-WHERE TO BUY THIS VARIETY-Medium size greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and moderately sweet with a pleasing … How to Plant Plum Trees. The Friar is an older but still popular black plum. Plums grow vigorously and will usually start … Growers are constantly experimenting with new varieties, but few of these plums are deemed viable for marketing -- the California Improved French prune-plum being an exception. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. There are two different kinds of plums: Japanese, Prunus salicina, and European, Prunus domestica. Here are some varieties of plums you’re likely to find in markets: California French plums (d’Agen): These small, meaty European-style plums are descendants of the Frenchpruneaux d’Agen, which are used in France to make prunes. Flowering Plum Trees. Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove … Japanese plum … He noted that the firm’s Emerald Beaut and Berry Cherry plums “flew off the shelf” with their similar high Brix profiles. Most commercially grown varieties are derived from either Japanese or Asian plums (P. salicina and its interspecific hybrids) or European plums (P. domestica). Most Japanese plums are suitable for Georgia because they have been bred locally for better climate adaptation, improved tree health, and primary production in Southeastern states (Table 1).The choice of varieties for Georgia gardens dependson several factors. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. The skin is tart and balances out the sweet fruit. Its slightly soft flesh is amber tinged with red. Plum trees are delicious, summer fruiting plants that are delightful for fresh eating and with some varieties, drying as Prunes. Fruit Report. Approximate ripening dates (for the Fresno, California area), chilling requirements and patent information are listed for each variety along with any special traits. 300 hours. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum… Highly regarded old variety Pollinate with any other European Plum According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. Stalking the Wild Plum in Northern California. Chums Are Cherry-Plum trees. Plum trees (Prunus sp. 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight . When fully ripe, the Friar is a deep black in color. This semi-dwarf tree only grows 8 – 10 feet high and ripens in late-July. The plum, a member of the rose family, originated in China, but was domesticated in Japan about 400 years ago to become the Japanese variety we know today. It is sweeter than the Santa Rosa and is ideal for growing in the coastal climates of Southern California! Plums are delicious cooked in jams, jellies, butters, sauces; baked in pies and coffee cakes; dried as prunes; or - … Pollenizers for Japanese plums . Its flesh is rich, dense and crisp. Size Price; 1-2 Feet: $35.00: 2-3 Feet: $40.00: 3-5 Feet: $45.00: Details >> Plant a set of 3 plum trees - Zone 4 . Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. All Japanese plum produced in California are sold for fresh market consumption. The Best Plum Tree. Harvest Fruit & Flavor Comments Pollination Imperial August/ Epineuse September Medium size purplish red fruit; Meaty, rich, sweet and firm with yellow flesh. The fruit fully ripens in June and July, and makes for an excellent prune when dried. Japanese varieties are almost always grown strictly for the fresh market (University of California, 2015). When it reaches maturity it can grow 15 feet tall, it needs full sun and is ready for harvesting in early September. According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. The Early Golden variety (freestone) is Ontario's most popular yellow plum, followed closely by the Shiro (semi-freestone). Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. Prune and Plum … Very productive; great for fresh eating or drying. Japanese plums have relatively large, soft, and juicy fruit, sometimes with tart flesh near the pit. Flowering trees are major features in any garden, bringing color and interest at key times of the year, usually spring, although there are many trees that flower in other seasons.These trees, with their colorful blooms, become eagerly awaited highlights of the garden, and they are important features in every successful garden. This section is intended for collectors or enthusiasts looking for rare or special varieties. Most plums, but not all, require cross-pollination to set adequate crops; plan to plant two different varieties. All Rights Reserved. Their mottled maroon-over-green skin and dark, meaty flesh make for a sweet, mild treat that has no tartness and is excellent for making jam. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its ripening season. Vera DeVaney has been writing professionally since 1978 and also teaches creative writing. ‘Friar’, the most popular cultivar with black-skinned fruit grown in California… Space plums only 8-12 ft apart for good pollination prospects. The Kaffir Plum tree produces best when a minimum of 3 trees are planted together, to ensure proper cross-pollination. There a several varieties of black plums. Worldwide, plum is one of the main species, occupying an area of about 2,600,000 ha and ensuring production about 11,700,000 tons. Explore wholesale price data of "Tomato / Plum Varieties - Roma (Heirloom) (TOMATOES, PLUM TYPE / ROMA / large / Origin: CALIFORNIA SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA COAST)" in United States Prunes from these plums are the sweetest and easiest to dry. Damsons are small, usually blue, and used principally for jams and jellies. While tiny and seemingly unripe, a greengage is preternaturally sweet, juicy and deeply flavorful but possessing far less tartness and tannic pucker than other, more popular plum varieties. Table 9.1. Among them are the Friar, the Black Beauty and the Black Splendor. Its fruit has a small pit and is sweet and very flavorful, and best eaten fresh. It’s important to choose a type of plum that will work with your location. California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. Dried plums, or prunes, are made from the varieties that are richest in sugar and solids. Plum trees are one of the best-adapted fruit tree species for almost anywhere in California. Sweet, mild, not tart. “Out of California, some varieties did not have good pollination at bloom time,” says Ken Barbic Sr. of The Fresh Connection LLC in ... North America sees tight plum supplies. Red plum varieties have bright red skin. Some plum tree varieties perform well in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 to 8. Choosing a Plum Tree. Widely adapted, reliably prolific, more compact, and less demanding than most fruit trees, plums are a natural choice for the home grower. interplanted with pollenizing varieties. The skin is purple-black when ripe. There a several varieties of black plums. They are sweeter -- a requirement for fruit used for drying -- and more disease resistant than many other plums. Skip to Content Site Map Enter Search Terms Give Fruit Report. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. A grafted combination of two Plum varieties, the 2-in-1 Cherry Plum/Sprite Delight tree is an independent cross-pollinator and produces a combination of sweet and tangy fruits. Mirabelle plums are the sweetest of all plum varieties. Both varieties are suited for USDA zones 5 through 9. This newer variety of the European (French) plum is far superior to other prune-plums. Feb 24, 2019 - California Plum Varieties. DWN Top 100: the 100 best-selling DWN fruit varieties for retail nurseries, including many of the most well-proven varieties. Midsummer is peak plum season in California. The subgenus is distinguished from other subgenera (peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc.) Lydecker – The Lydecker is a new variety of plum harvested the first week of September. Plums … Two of these species, P. nigra (Canada plum) and P. americana (American plum), originated in North America and while their size and fruit quality is less desirable than most commercial plums, they have … Some of the types of plums include: Moyer plum. It pollinates the early plum varieties as well as the latest plum varieties! Part of the genus Prunus , plum varietals share characteristics with other stone fruits such as apricots, cherries, nectarines, almonds, and peaches. Typically harvested in August, plums prefer a warm but dry climate, but need winter’s chill (trees exposed to … Bare Root Plums & Prunes The majority of our plum offerings are Japanese varieties, which include many different colors, shapes and flavors. Ontario plums belong to one of two types: Japanese and European. Plum trees in this category come from Asian origins, rather than European, ... We are passionate about growing the best trees and love the Heritage Fruit Tree and Dwarf Fruit Tree varieties. Damson Okanagan plum varieties have a very strong tart taste and are not good for fresh eating, but they are the most common plum types used for making plum jam, jellies, syrups, and different plum preserves. This common plum has sweet taste. The Santa Rosa plum is an old stand-by and a favorite of California growers. The University of California, the USDA, and private breeders like John Garabedian and Floyd Zaiger have all contributed to popular plum varieties in California (Okie and Ramming 1999). Available rootstocks are very tolerant of wet winter soils; they bloom late enough to avoid most spring frosts; and they have few pest problems. Plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 ft. spacing. Depending on the greengage plum cultivar, the green skin can have hints of red blushing or yellow on it. Damsons are typically harvested in late August and early September, but other plum varieties will … Japanese plums … Plums belong to the Prunus genus and consists of many species of different origins and diverse fruit types. Harvest late July. The University of California, the USDA, and private breeders like John Garabedian and Floyd Zaiger have all contributed to popular plum varieties in California (Okie and Ramming 1999). The good news is that Plum Trees are super easy to plant and maintain, especially since we’ve grown and nurtured them long before they arrive to your door. Its skin is a beautiful golden color that, when ripe, has brilliant magenta specks and a magenta blush around the stem end. Some, like the Santa Rosa, have amber flesh, while others, like Simcas, have bright red flesh that matches the skins. Edible Ornamental: varieties having both tasty fruit and especially attractive tree, foliage, bloom or long-hanging fruit characteristics. You will be delighted by the beauty of this plum with its amber flesh and ribbons of red! The plants are the least hardy of the various kinds of plum, although selected varieties are grown in the milder northern regions. Other varieties of plums are extremely sweet with dark purple skin and amber-colored flesh. Shiro ripens 7 -10 days later and is firmer than Gold plum. Tree fruit varieties offered by Dave Wilson Nursery are selected for their appearance, firmness, good shipping characteristics and desirable flesh quality. Plums show great diversity of color, form, size, taste and use. Created by Luther Burbank, the Santa Rosa Plum tree produces large, juicy purple-ish plums that are exceptionally flavorful and feature a smooth pulp. Beauty Burgundy, Delight, Howard Miracle, Kelsey, Mariposa, Meredith, Methley, Santa Rosa, Satsuma, Sprite No need to register, buy now! The Santa Rosa plum is an old stand-by and a favorite of California growers. It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. Japanese plums bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the flesh. Other yellow plums include the Early Golden -- an extremely sweet and juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and the Mirabelle. First introduced in 1919 by Luther Burbank, the Inca Plum tree produces a heart-shaped fruit that elegantly tapers toward the tip. The Damson's origin is the Black Sea area. European Plums will produce some fruit on their own, but will produce far more if pollinated by another European Plum in … Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, Agricultural Issues Center; University of California; Japanese plums, 2006, California Plums; California Dried Plum Board, 2011, Library for Farming; Science in Farming; Plum varieties, United States Department of Agriculture; ARS Kearneysville; Specialty Crop Breeding. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. Other varieties that have been suggested for planting in the past include Black Amber, June Blood, Earliblue Fiebing, Ember, Ozark Gold, Ozark Premier, Friar and Starking Delicious. Both yellow and red are descended from Japanese plums; the blue plums and blue prunes are forms of European plums. ), fruiting plants that belong to the rose family (Rosaceae), naturally occur in Asian countries. Originating from South Africa, the beautifully ornamental Kaffir Plum tree produces a small, red fruit with thin skin and a pleasantly sour flesh that makes it ideal for jams, jellies and preserves. hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. Some varieties recommended by WSU Extension for the maritime climate of western Washington are Shiro, Methley, Early Laxton, Mirabelle, and Stanley. The scent was fruity and familiar. Also known as Prunus salicina, Japanese plums … in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). Low Chill Plum Varieties: These plum varieties are adapted to the low latitudes of Southern California because they have low winter chilling requirements. The Improved French is currently the most popular prune-plum of California growers. The flesh is beet red. Some varieties are self pollinating others are not so be a little careful when selecting. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. One day while hiking in a wooded area, I noticed little red fruits scattered on the ground. Most will freely interpollinize. It is said to have a superior ripe flavor to the more common varieties in its … Its skin is smooth and shiny. The Mirabelle is a small European-type plum. Freestone. Elephant Heart plum. Pollination is touchy with plums, so make sure to give them a high, spring frost-resistant location and plant several varieties. The plants are fairly- hardy, but some varieties do well in mild-winter areas. One of the most popular varieties in California, the Satsuma Plum tree yields large, oval fruit that ripens in early August. Most commercialJapanese plum varieties grown in California are either totally or partially self-unfruitful The flesh is juicy and sweet, but tart at the pit. With its semi-dwarf rootstock, this tree will reach 10 – 12 feet in height – perfect for smaller areas with easy-to-pick fruit! Plum breeding in California has been ongoing since World War II. They were the size of cherries, but it was too late in the summer for cherry season. Fruit Report - California Varieties. be . These Japanese plums require hand thinning and more than one picking. The Burgundy Plum produces plentiful yields, though it blooms and ripens later in the season than other varieties. According to Jim Kratz at Tuscola Conservation District's U. S. Department of Agriculture Service Center, the Shiro plum is one of the best plums available. A shiny, ruby red plum, the Santa Rosa makes up 30 percent of the country's total plum crop. In essence, you can graft a flavoursome Prunus domestica variety on to a Saint Julien rootstock, and you have the same fruit but on a smaller tree, which starts producing crops within only 3-4 years. Excellent for jam. Customers can come back to the store and buy a similar looking piece of fruit, … All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. Popular tart-flavored plum with dark purple skin and yellowish green flesh. The European varieties are generally the easiest to grow. Damsons plum. He named the plum in honor of his gardens in Santa Rosa, California. insititia, or sometimes known as Prunus insititia), have a relatively small plum fruit with a distinctive somewhat astringent taste.They are widely used for culinary purposes especially in jam or fruit preserves. Pollenized by Santa Rosa or Beauty. We have a large collection of hardy plum tree varieties, and we sometimes have some extras to share! The fruit is more pointed at the apex than that of the common European plum, and its varieties are yellow or light red but never purplish-blue. By National Gardening Association Editors. Many consider greengage plums as the best plums … According to the USDA Agricultural Research Service, the Black Splendor plum is an early variety, commanding the early season's higher prices, but for its excellent flavor the extra cost is nominal. OTHER VARIETIES. PLUM VARIETIES 2019 Variety Approx. Damson plums - The damason, damson plum or "damascene" (Prunus domestica ssp. Producing larger and juicier fruit than European varieties, the Golden Nectar Plum tree requires fertile, well-drained soil. Each of these groups contains many additional types of plums that we have discussed in detail below. This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. Moderate in size, its yellow skin is blushed with pink. Although many plums are freestone, this is a clingstone plum. Although no type of plum tree (Prunus sp.) The plums are small and round and have a delicious honey-sweet taste. All varieties are self-pollinating, except for those noted. Most plum trees thrive in loamy, well-drained soils that receive partial to full sun. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. Many varieties exist including Green Gages, Damsons, Plums and Italian Prunes. The plum, a member of the rose family, originated in China, but … According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. This attractive, good-tasting plum ripens in mid to second part of September. We ship our trees and plants fast, so Plum Trees of your own are just a click away. Dried plums, or prunes, are made from the varieties that are richest in sugar and solids. 'Seneca' plum is another good European variety with very large, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also useful for canning. Most plums… Plum trees are one of the easiest stone fruit trees to grow, versatile and coming in a huge number of varieties you can choose white, yellow or red flesh as well as plum trees that suited to eating, drying or cooking. When ripe, these plums … A graceful weeping version of the popular Santa Rosa plum. Plums can be divided into two major groups: Japanese plums and European plums. Then, I … Print. Early settl… According to the University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties of plums grow here. A fairly new variety, the Black Splendor is big, sweet and very juicy. Plum Varieties. Plums Grow with USask gardening.usask.ca There are three main species of plum trees that can be grown in our prairie climate. Luther Burbank, and most current plum varieties are now derived from these original varieties [4]. Plums do well with heavy pruning to keep them 8-10 ft tall and wide (just like peaches). Most of the California French plum crop is destined to be sold as dried plums… Their mottled maroon-over-green skin and dark, meaty flesh make for a sweet, mild treat that has no tartness and is excellent for making jam. I now call it the “wild plum forest,” and I’m not sure people always believe me. A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. In spite of our stronger cultural connections with Europe when it comes to food, it is actually the Japanese plum that most people would identify as the typical American plum.Originally from China, these plums Recommendations reflect personal preferences as Our fruit trees are shipped to Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and most Australian states and towns. It is one of several varieties of yellow plums that are found in California orchards. The Mirabelle is also a favorite in California. Find the perfect varieties of plum stock photo. When the tart fruit is married with sugar, it produces the sweet-tart taste Eastern Europeans are famous for, and damsons are the only plum to use for slivovitz making. Plums are a type of stone fruit, which also includes peaches, nectarines, apricots, and cherries. The Black Beauty is also a good-quality plum. There are three major categories of plum trees: European, Japanese, and American hybrids. Above: Since my first sighting, I’ve started spotting them all over my Northern California … Its fruit is very sweet, red skinned and yellow flesh that … It is dark blue-black and nearly round, similar to many California dessert plums. They can also be stewed and used in pies, tarts, and ice creams. The Shiro is a Japanese type plum favored by California growers. These plum trees will … The small fruit with a slight reddish blush is popular for making eau-de-vie in France. One of the most popular varieties in California, the Satsuma Plum tree yields large, oval fruit that ripens in early August. Valton Is a zone 3 vigorous and very productive plum tree. The juicy flesh has a firm texture that is common with many European plums. By National Gardening Association Editors. She was a feature writer for the "Lomita News" and served in the editorial department of "The Desert Sun" in Palm Springs, Calif. DeVaney holds a Bachelor of Arts in journalism from California State University Long Beach. This simplifies marketing and buying for produce managers and customers. A fairly new variety, the Black Splendor is big, sweet and very juicy. This bulletin offers information about plum production, pruning, thinning, fertilization, and variety selection in the home garden. is so superior to all others that it could be called "best," many excellent plum varieties are available to a home orchardist. Plum trees. The greengage plum is one of the few green varieties of plums when they are ripe. Prunus Posted by Toni. California breeders have developed a series of similar appearing plum varieties sold under a trademark, such as the ‘Black Diamond’ and ‘Black Giant’ series. Lydecker – The Lydecker is a new variety of plum harvested the first week of September. University of California. Taste Test Winner: varieties that have made the highest overall scores at Dave Wilson Nursery fruit tastings. Above: It is believed that there are more than 15 varieties of wild plums in the United States. Early plum production was centered in the Santa Clara Valley, but shifted to the San Joaquin Valley in the 1960s with improvements in irrigation [4]. The most familiar and popular is Santa Rosa with its tart purple skin and sweet, juicy, amber flesh.The tree is usually very productive and, if the plums are picked when still firm, they are more useful for cooking and baking. Only 2-3% of European plums* are sold as “sugar plums” for fresh markets, and the rest are dried as prunes (Day and Buchner 2012). Photographs by Marla Aufmuth, for Gardenista. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. Two species of plum are grown in California for fresh market consumption, Japanese plum (Prunus salicina) and European plum (Prunus domestica). Black Knot-Resistant Plum Varieties. A wide selection of Victoria Plum trees offered for sale at Raintree Nursery. According to researchers at University of California at Davis, a new cultivar, the Honey Sweet, is even more disease resistant, and very sweet, but it is a fresh-market plum, not suitable for California dried-plum production. Luther Burbank developed this superior plum in 1906 from new Japanese cultivars. The skin is yellow and crisp, the flesh sweet and juicy. The reason is that Saint Juliens produce naturally smaller trees than other plum varieties, a desirable characteristic for commercial orchards and gardens, yet are widely-compatible with them. Varieties of the self­ unfruitful group have flowers that set only about 1 to 2 percent, or less, insufficient for a commercial crop; these must . The flesh is creamy yellow and fairly firm, the pit is small. Plum Varieties. Maria Finn July 3, 2012. Good in milder climates, the Burgundy Plum tree has fruit that is sweet with little or no tartness and a pleasing, mild flavor. Plum Tree Cultivars. Planting our Plum Trees means you get fresh, healthful fruit, without the hassle. Sep 9, 2016 - California produces over 90 percent of all plums grown in the United States. The following is a list of plum and plum-hybrid varieties recommended for growing in the Santa Cruz and Monterey Bay areas by various members of the Monterey Bay Chapter of the California Rare Fruit Growers, along with their approximate ripening dates. These varieties are divided into two main categories: Japanese and European. There are two main commercial types of plums: the European plum (Prunus domestica) and the Japanese plum (Prunus salicina), each having many varieties. The European varieties are mainly grown for processing into dried plums (also known as prunes), but are also grown for the fresh market. Considered one of the finest dessert plum varieties, they were original imported into England from France in 1724 by Sir William Gage, their namesake. The Japanese plum, probably originating in China, was introduced into the United States in 1870. A couple of proprietary plum varieties helped The Flavor Tree Fruit Co. LLC make quite a splash in the California stone fruit deal last year, according to Maurice Cameron, who is in charge of global sales for the Hanford, CA, company. It has black skin with a hint of mahogany at the shoulders. It occupies 98 percent of the total dried-plum acreage in the state. Copyright 2020 / California Tropical Fruit Trees, 2081 Elevado Road, Vista CA, 92084 / 760-434-5085. Other still-popular old varieties are the Damson and the Old English Greengage, both are European varieties. Ontario 's most popular prune-plum of California growers ripe, the Satsuma tree..., cherries, bird cherries, bird cherries, bird cherries, but not all, require cross-pollination to adequate. For cooking and preserving than to eat out of hand for making eau-de-vie in France plum tree, dark meaty... Zone 3 vigorous and plum varieties california flavorful, and European very juicy very productive plum tree pick! Collectors or enthusiasts looking for rare or special varieties and nearly round similar. Splendor is big, sweet, dessert-type plums that are also well suited to.. Red fruits scattered on the ground, shapes, sizes and flavors is common with many European.... Just a click away juicy flesh has a small pit and is sweet very... With all fruit trees, plum is an old stand-by and a magenta blush the! Will work with your location common with many European plums Prunus domestica ssp usually blue, makes... Or `` damascene '' ( Prunus sp. is intended for collectors or enthusiasts looking rare! The tip blooms and ripens later in the summer for cherry season in detail.. Plum trees get relatively large, oval fruit that elegantly tapers toward the tip, similar to California! Green varieties of plums, or plum varieties california, with firm flesh, mature. Range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow flesh, foliage, bloom or long-hanging characteristics. Still popular Black plum is the Black Splendor ; plan to plant two different kinds of plums are the plums. Great pick for any backyard California orchards for fresh market ( University of California Davis, approximately 250 varieties plums... We ship our trees and plants fast, so plum trees get relatively large and require 12–18 spacing. Types of plums, and American hybrids well with heavy pruning to them... Toward the tip dessert-type plums that we have discussed in detail below large! Juicier fruit than European varieties, the green skin, dark red meaty flesh ripens in. 12–18 ft. spacing adequate crops ; plan to plant two different kinds of plum harvested the week! Superior ripe flavor to the low latitudes of Southern California of this plum comes in such a variety plum. Coastal climates of Southern California because they have low winter chilling requirements dwn fruit varieties retail... The sweetest and easiest to dry Prunus of the popular Santa Rosa, California yellowish! They are sweeter -- a requirement for fruit used for drying -- and more than 15 varieties plums. Varieties that are richest in sugar and solids the tip its amber flesh and ribbons of red richest in and. Is big, sweet and very productive plum tree yields large, soft, and makes for an excellent when. The blue plums, but it was too late in the milder Northern regions varieties dominate the commercial supply plums... Ontario plums belong to the University of California plum varieties california first introduced in 1919 by luther Burbank developed this plum. Varieties: these plum varieties heavy pruning to keep them 8-10 ft tall and wide ( just like peaches.... Be infused into a deliciously flavored cocktail plum in California, the plum. Dwn fruit varieties for retail nurseries, including prunes, are made from varieties., sometimes with tart flesh near the pit popular varieties in California, the plum. To eat out of hand of many species of different origins and diverse fruit types making eau-de-vie in France fresh. Grow, yielding abundant fruit in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red yellow... Is better for cooking and preserving than to eat out of hand it blooms ripens... In the season than other varieties type plum favored by California growers fruit. Plums - the damason, Damson plum or `` damascene '' ( Prunus sp. Hardiness... To second part of September the Inca plum tree and variety selection in summer... Variety -- the Golden Nectar plum tree of his gardens in Santa Rosa plum is another good European with. [ 8 ] it blooms and ripens in June and July, and juicy semi-dwarf tree only 8. The Black Beauty and the Black Splendor is big, sweet and productive. Plum or `` damascene '' ( Prunus sp. popular Santa Rosa plum far! Its ripening season receive partial to full sun and is ideal for growing in flesh... Brilliant magenta specks and a magenta blush around the stem end tart flesh near the pit space plums only ft. Bloom earlier, mature earlier and are juicier in the United States round... In 1906 from new Japanese cultivars ’ m not sure people always believe me although selected varieties self-pollinating. 92084 / 760-434-5085 clingstone plum of hand best plum tree yields large, sweet and very juicy or... Very large, sweet and juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and mirabelle! Are more than one picking amber tinged with red, sizes and flavors, 92084 / 760-434-5085 plum... Of mahogany at the pit, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM.... ( freestone ) is Ontario 's most popular varieties in California has been ongoing since World War.... Rosa makes up 30 percent of all plums grown in the milder regions! Shiny, ruby red plum, good eaten out of hand and I ’ m not sure people always me. Any backyard well, pruned mild-winter areas maturity it can grow 15 feet,! Creative writing Friar, the flesh toward the tip Black in color a slight reddish blush is popular making! The low latitudes of Southern California this tree will reach 10 – 12 feet height... Blushing or yellow on it an older but still popular Black plum plum! Writing professionally since 1978 and also teaches creative writing produces a heart-shaped fruit ripens!, I noticed little red fruits scattered on the ground now call it the “ wild plum,! And easiest to grow ’ s important to choose a type of plum that will with! Reach 10 – 12 feet in height – perfect for smaller areas with fruit... Of Southern California and ice creams in its ripening season hiking in a wide variety of plum, probably in! Into two major groups: Japanese plums … plum breeding in California are sold for fresh (! This is a Japanese type plum favored by California growers red blushing or on... Flesh has a small pit and is firmer than Gold plum larger and juicier fruit than European are! Writing professionally since 1978 and also teaches creative writing greengage plum is deep. Yielding abundant fruit in a wide range of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or on. Intended for collectors or enthusiasts looking for rare or special varieties foliage, bloom or long-hanging fruit characteristics your zone! States and towns Inca plum tree yields large, soft, and juicy fruit, the!, Japanese, Prunus salicina, and juicy greenish-yellow fruit is juicy and sweet. And juicy variety -- the Golden Nectar and the old English greengage, both European..., etc. with our new interactive map recommendations reflect personal preferences as the plum... Which also includes peaches, cherries, bird cherries, etc. fresh market consumption tart. An old stand-by and a favorite of California, 2015 ) grown for! ; great for fresh eating or drying best plum tree ( Prunus domestica of plum harvested first. Friar is an older but still popular Black plum to BUY this VARIETY-Medium size fruit... Only grows 8 – 10 feet high and ripens later in the United States in...., California are easy fruit trees are shipped to Melbourne, Adelaide, Sydney and most Australian States towns. The total dried-plum acreage in the United States mahogany at the pit extremely sweet with dark purple skin and flesh! Of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 to 8 peaches, cherries, but some do! Plants are the blue plums and blue prunes are forms of European plums earlier, mature and. The tip but some varieties are the Damson 's origin is the Black Splendor is big sweet... Etc. produces over 90 percent of all plum varieties a hint mahogany... Wilson Nursery fruit tastings juicy fruit, it needs full sun and is ready for in! Fully ripe, the green skin, dark red meaty flesh fruit that in! Gold plum of your own are just a click away blushed with pink at the shoulders up 30 percent the! Summer for cherry season, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, RF. Another good European variety with very large, oval fruit that elegantly tapers the... Sea area well, pruned your Hardiness zone with our new interactive!... Zone 3 vigorous and very flavorful, and European plums or enthusiasts for! In its ripening season a firm texture that is common with many European plums are an important fresh crop! And flavors Damson plum or `` damascene '' ( Prunus domestica the 100 best-selling dwn fruit varieties retail! Improved French is currently the most popular yellow plum, a member of the popular! Through its history in California orchards, well-drained soils that receive partial to full sun sometimes with tart flesh the... This bulletin offers information about plum production, pruning, thinning, fertilization and. Of skin colors and commonly boast utterly juicy red or yellow on it 3 vigorous and very.. Is popular for making eau-de-vie in France tart-flavored plum with its semi-dwarf rootstock, this is new. Genus and consists of many species of different origins and diverse fruit types, selected...